During the summer holidays, many Argentines have the opportunity to visit tourist places in the country by car. It is a trend that raises a more ecological driving that contributes to reduce the environmental impact and, in addition, the economic cost. The International Automobile Federation for Latin America (FIA Region IV) shared some very useful tips for those who seek to implement it in a simple and safe way:
1. BUY ECOLOGICALLY
- When buying a vehicle, always bear in mind its environmental efficiency. Today, with all the changes and revolutions, vehicles with sustainable technology alleviate the economy of consumers and reduce the environmental impact. With a more ecological and efficient vehicle the costs will also be lower.
2. PLAN YOUR TRIP
- A well-planned trip will allow you to reach your destination in the fastest, easiest and safest way, saving unnecessary polluting emissions.
- Keep in mind that ten minutes of unnecessary driving on a one-hour trip causes fuel economy to be reduced by 14%.
- For short trips, consider whether it is possible to make the journey by public transport, on foot or by bicycle. For long journeys, carpooling is recommended.
- The use of electronic navigation systems (GPS) will allow you to know in advance the easiest route to a specific destination.
3. CHECK YOUR TIRE PRESSURE FREQUENTLY
- A tire with the correct pressure reduces rolling resistance and, consequently, increases performance.
- Driving using tires with a pressure lower than 7 Lbs (vehicle manual) reduces fuel efficiency by 2% and 4%, respectively, in urban and suburban areas.
- Consider purchasing vehicles with tire pressure gauges; These always let you know when to calibrate your tires.
- A tire with the right pressure increases adherence to the road; as a consequence, it is not only a more environmentally friendly tire, but also safer
4. REDUCE UNNECESSARY LOADS AND AVOID THE USE OF THE LUGGAGE RACK
- The additional weight, as well as the resistance to the air, increases the fuel consumption.
- Driving with an unnecessary 100 kg of weight on board causes a reduction in fuel efficiency of approximately 6% in a medium-size vehicle.
- Check if you have unnecessary objects in the trunk.
- Modern vehicles are built with aerodynamics in mind; a roof rack can increase fuel consumption by 20%
5. DO NOT WARM THE ENGINE BEFORE YOU START DRIVING
- Modern vehicles no longer require preheating, except in extremely cold conditions.
- Slow driving may be required after starting the engine; this type of driving also improves fuel economy.
- Modern injection-powered vehicles do not require the accelerator to be pressed when starting. Doing so will affect on-board systems and increase fuel consumption.
6. USE AIR CONDITIONING ONLY WHEN NECESSARY
- Avoid setting the air conditioning to an excessively low temperature, as it uses a large amount of energy from the vehicle.
- When the outside temperature is 25 ° C, the air conditioning reduces fuel efficiency by 12%.
- In an urban area, opening the windows is more efficient than using the air conditioning. However, the opposite occurs when driving at a higher speed, due to the greater air resistance.
7. ACCELERATE GENTLY AND MAINTAIN A CONSTANT SPEED
- Smooth driving uses less fuel, is safer and will allow you and your companions to reach your destination more efficiently.
- Start driving slowly (20 km / h in 5 seconds to save 11% fuel) and avoid sudden acceleration.
- Maintain some distance from the vehicle in front to avoid unnecessary acceleration / deceleration that leads to a reduction in fuel economy of 2% or / and 6%, respectively, in urban and suburban areas.
- Use the highest possible gears in any situation.
8. TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE EARRINGS
- The ascents and descents allow you to save on fuel consumption.
- On descents, take advantage of inertia to advance the gear change while circulating at low revs.
- On the climbs, circulate without exceeding 3000 RPM and gradually increase the pressure on the accelerator.
9. USE THE GEARBOX TO DECEL
- Using the engine's natural braking ability saves fuel.
- If you release the accelerator when you realize that you have to brake, the fuel supply stops, which increases its performance by 2%.
- In addition, the use of engine braking reduces brake and tire wear.
10. DO NOT KEEP THE ENGINE INACTIVE
- The engine uses fuel even when it is not in motion.
- If you keep the vehicle idle for more than a minute, more fuel is used than is needed to restart the engine.
- An engine idle for ten minutes (in neutral position, with the air conditioning off) consumes 130 cc of fuel.
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