In 2018 the Toyota Hilux turns 50. During this time, the Japanese pick-up became a reference in the segment thanks to being a great ally for work and leisure time. Undoubtedly, a good excuse to review its origin and all its generations.
Conceived as a successor model that integrates both the Toyota briska as the Hino stout, two pick-ups sold by the Toyota Group in the 50s and 60s, Hilux was introduced in March 1968 as a new pick-up developed and produced by Hino Motors Ltd.
The Hilux, whose name derives from the English terms "high" and "luxury" (great luxury), has its roots in American trucks and has been the starting point of its evolution to date, with durability and reliability as its main characteristics. Its great practical utility made it the ideal commercial vehicle since, in addition to being the perfect work tool, it is one of the best recreational vehicles, especially off the asphalt.
1st GENERATION (1968-1972)
The Toyota Hilux appeared in March 1968 as a new truck that integrated and succeeded the Toyota Briska and Hino Stout. The vehicle was conceived by Toyota, while its development and manufacture were carried out by Hino Motors, Ltd., at its plant in Hamura, Japan. The engine was a 1.5-liter 70 hp unit (2R) which was also mounted on the Toyota ToyoAce. It had a frame structure separate from the body, with double wishbone / coil spring front suspension and rigid axle / leaf rear suspension. The transmission was manual, four-speed, with the shift lever mounted on the steering column. The first Hilux had a capacity of three occupants and a 1.000 kg net load, with a 1.850 mm long cargo bed.
2st GENERATION (1972-1978)
The second generation Hilux hit the market in May of 1972. Both the long-wheelbase and short-wheelbase versions had the same mechanical components as their predecessors, although the wheelbase was increased by 10 and 45 mm, respectively. The length of the loading platform and the maximum net load were also maintained. Apart from the standard model, equipped with a 1.6-liter engine, the Highway version was added, with a 2.0-liter 105 hp engine (18R), for smoother highway driving.
3st GENERATION (1978-1983)
The third generation Hilux went on sale in 1978 September. The model offered specifications and equipment typical of a saloon, as well as equivalent ride comfort. One of the novelties was a selection of three standard-length and four long-body models. The new top-of-the-range trim, the Super Deluxe version, featured a 90mm longer cabin than the standard, resulting in a more spacious interior. As for the engine, it inherited the 12-liter 1.6R-J unit from the previous generation. The double wishbone front suspension remained, although the coil springs were replaced by a torsion bar. On the other hand, the Deluxe and higher finishes featured front disc brakes as standard.
4st GENERATION (1983-1988)
En November of 1983 the fourth generation Hilux was launched. Models with rear wheel drive -Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) - comprised series comfortable y Popular. The first corresponded to the fourth generation of the model with a renewed interior and exterior design, while the second designated the third generation model, whose production was maintained. Everyone all-wheel drive models had a new bodywork. The external appearance of the fourth generation models was characterized by the bubble fenders at the front and at the rear.
5st GENERATION (1988-1997)
The fifth generation Hilux, which was marketed in 1988 September, represented the three basic concepts of power, solidity and comfort. To enhance its functionality as a multipurpose vehicle, known as a recreational vehicle (RV) or recreational vehicle in Japan at that time, the interior equipment was improved. The basic variations of the bodywork were reduced to the incorporation of paneled doors and sash windows. A substantial difference between the rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive models were the wheel arches (with and without overhangs). Thus, the width of the 4WD models reached 1.690 mm, 40 mm more than the rear-wheel drive models. The design of the dashboard and some of the interior equipment was even more similar to that of a saloon than before.
6st GENERATION (1997-2004)
The sixth generation of Hilux, launched in 1997 September, included a line for commercial purposes and another for personal use, which incorporated equipment and devices characteristic of an SUV, a segment that had inaugurated the Toyota RAV4 in 1994. Thus, Hilux offered a taller and longer cab, in addition to being more silent. The extra cabin version, which was introduced in November and featured 100mm wider body, was a multipurpose vehicle with a substantially long open platform, with two additional seats at the rear of the cabin.
7st GENERATION (2004-2015)
En August de 2004 The seventh generation of Hilux went on sale, as a new pick-up available in more than 140 markets around the world. Heir to the robust style of the sixth generation, offered XNUMXst century customers the high levels of durability and comfort they were looking for, with ample interior space, greater comfort and a combination of the ride comfort of a passenger car and the functionality of an SUV. As part of the project Innovative International Multi-purpose Vehicle (IMV), Toyota developed five new models on the same platform: three pick-ups (Hilux), a minivan (Innova) and an SUV (Fortuner). In order to offer customers around the world more attractive products at a more affordable price, and to launch them at the same time, it also developed optimized production and distribution systems on a global scale. This seventh generation Hilux was the first to be produced outside of Japan. Most were made in Thailand, South Africa and Argentina, for distribution among the countries of the corresponding regions, and with part of the production in Malaysia, Pakistan and Venezuela.
8TH GENERATION (2015)
En May of 2015 the eighth generation Hilux was launched. To truly understand customer expectations and the obstacles they face on a daily basis, development teams traveled the globe to directly gather input from Hilux owners and navigate a wide variety of different avenues, with the objective of having a better idea of the different conditions of use in each place. The entire development concept of the eighth generation Hilux focused on "Redefine robustness", with a view to making the new model even more robust, considering a much broader interpretation of the word. The design of this eighth generation was not only more robust, but also reduced stress as much as possible. Beyond conventional ideas about robustness, it offered ride comfort that made longer and harder journeys less tiring, a quiet cabin that allowed communication between its occupants in all conditions and greater autonomy thanks to lower fuel consumption. .