The human being has become accustomed to living between screens: TV, smartphone, tablet, household appliances, advertising media ... And this trend has been reflected in cars: the digital world is part of our lives and we want the car to provide the same levels of intuitive technology and connectivity as a smartphone.
The automotive industry at first has been in tow of the innovations of the advances of consumer electronics, but little by little it is catching up with them. From the inclusion of the first digital display in a car -a small clock-, to the current display system of the Porsche Taycan (which can incorporate up to five large, tactile and haptic dimensions), the evolution has been brutal, especially in the last decade.
First came the large screens in the center console, which were made tactile and designed in the tablet style; later, the instrumentation behind the wheel also became a screen; and now, both are integrated and extend towards the passenger area to cover the entire dashboard.
The next step is extend those screens to the windshield with Head up display projection systems of images as pioneers of this trend. These are the news that will arrive in the short term in this area.
BIGGER AND BIGGER SCREENS
Screens inside cars will continue to grow in size. The next BMW iX will equip a large screen of 14,9 inches slightly curved that will occupy the area of the instrumentation and the center console. Even bigger is the curved 3D display of the Cadillac Lyriq, with a diagonal of 33 inches.
The next Mercedes EQS he takes this concept to the maximum to turn the entire dashboard into a large screen. The Hyperscreen system It is a gigantic digital display under a glass panel with rounded shapes made of scratch-resistant aluminum silicate. It has three information zones: in front of the driver, central and in front of the passenger. This system uses the artificial intelligence (IA) to learn the preferences and habits of the user.
HEAD UP DISPLAYS KEEP EVOLVING
More and more cars are incorporating head-up displays, which provide safety by projecting information onto the windshield in the driver's line of sight. Another key to their future overcrowding is that they provide drivers with the peace of mind of knowing when ADAS systems they are active and what they are “seeing”. This provides drivers with a better understanding of the capabilities and limitations of the system.
Head-up displays are already capable of projecting augmented reality in 3D, displaying relevant graphic information, such as arrows to indicate the turn or images that appear as if they were a few meters in front of the car, which is superimposed on the real-world image that the driver sees through the windshield.
Panasonic it has advanced the next evolution in this area: eye tracking technology to project information onto the driver's eye line, based on their eye position. An image stability algorithm allows the image to not jitter on bumps in the road.
TRUE 3D EXPERIENCE
The three-dimensional graphics, which are taking their first steps in the latest head-up displays, will continue to evolve. These display systems allow the information to be better structured and facilitate the understanding of spatial elements. This technology has been shown to accelerate driver reaction and improve depth judgments.
Continental is developing a new generation of displays with three-dimensional representation, which generates 3D experiences for drivers without the need for special glasses. This screen displays three-dimensional scales that allow objects to appear as if they were real. It works in conjunction with an interior camera that detects the driver's field of vision and adjusts the 3D view to the precise position of their head. The first applications of this technology will be to represent buildings and maps in three dimensions, which facilitate a more intuitive interaction between the driver and the vehicle.
TRANSPARENT AND VARIABLE OPACITY SCREENS
LG has developed new transparent OLED clear displays They offer up to 40% transparency. This screen could replace a side window of a car, offering useful information related to what we see on the outside.
They will soon be on the market glazed surfaces of variable opacity. The next Cadillac Celestiq It will incorporate a glass ceiling that can be adjusted to offer different levels of transparency to each of its four quadrants. It is the first step on the path of a new generation of variable opacity windshield that can be completely translucent when you have to drive or you want to see the landscape, completely opaque when you want to see a movie, and with different degrees of transparency to be able to launch information screens, or augmented reality elements, that relate to reality seen through the windshield.